Above average temperatures expected in next months
Pia Lee-Brago (The Philippine Star) - March 5, 2020 - 12:00am

MANILA, Philippines — Many parts of the world can expect above average temperatures in the coming months even without the presence of an El Niño event to drive warming, the United Nations weather agency said.

The World Meteorological Organization (WMO) published its latest update on El Niño/Southern Oscillation (ENSO), a naturally occurring phenomenon in the equatorial Pacific linked to heavy rains, floods, drought and other hazards. 

El Niño occurs due to fluctuations in the temperature of the ocean and atmosphere. While it has a warming influence on global temperatures, its opposite, known as La Niña, has the reverse effect. 

WMO reported a 60 percent chance of ongoing ENSO-neutral conditions through May, with prospects for an El Niño or La Niña at 35 percent and five percent, respectively. 

Above-average sea surface temperatures are likely across sizeable portions of the planet, with above-normal land temperature expected, particularly at tropical latitudes. 

The UN agency added that global warming trend also contributes to the above-average sea surface temperature and air temperature forecast.

“Even ENSO neutral months are warmer than in the past, as air and sea surface temperatures and ocean heat have increased due to climate change. With more than 90 percent of the energy trapped by greenhouse gases going into the ocean, ocean heat content is at record levels,” said WMO Secretary-General Petteri Taalas.

“Thus, 2016 was the warmest year on record as a result of a combination of a strong El Niño and human-induced global warming. 2019 was the second warmest year on record, even though there was no strong El Niño. We just had the warmest January on record. The signal from human-induced climate change is now as powerful as that from a major natural force of nature,” the weather agency chief added. 

WMO explained that El Niño and La Niña are not the only naturally occurring phenomena that drive global climate patterns.

EL NIñO ENSO PETTERI TAALAS WMO
Philstar
  • Latest
Latest
Are you sure you want to log out?
X
Login

Philstar.com is one of the most vibrant, opinionated, discerning communities of readers on cyberspace. With your meaningful insights, help shape the stories that can shape the country. Sign up now!

FORGOT PASSWORD?
SIGN IN
or sign in with