Philippines, Japan announce negotiations for key defense pact

Cecil Morella - Agence France-Presse
Philippines, Japan announce negotiations for key defense pact
Philippine President Ferdinand Marcos Jr. (2R) and Japanese Prime Minister Fumio Kishida (2L) applaud as Japan Ambassador Kazuhiko Koshikawa (L) and Philippines Foreign Affairs Secretary Enrique Manalo hold exchanged documents at the Malacanang presidential palace in Manila on November 3, 2023. Japan and the Philippines said November 3 they will start negotiations for a defence pact that would allow the countries to deploy troops on each other's territory.
AFP / Aaron Favila

MANILA, Philippines — The Philippines and Japan said Friday they will start negotiations for a defense pact that would allow the countries to deploy troops on each other's territory.

Manila and Tokyo -- longtime allies of the United States -- are deepening their defense cooperation as they seek to counter China's growing military pressure.

The accord would create the legal basis for the countries to send defense personnel to each other's territory for training and other operations.

Philippine President Ferdinand Marcos and Japanese Prime Minister Fumio Kishida announced the start of reciprocal access negotiations following talks in Manila.

"We are cognizant of the benefits of having this arrangement both to our defense and military personnel and to maintaining peace and stability in our region," Marcos said, as he stood beside Kishida in the presidential palace.

Kishida said the countries also agreed to further boost cooperation between Japan, the United States and the Philippines.

Japan would help "improve the Philippines maritime law enforcement capability including the provision of patrol vessels and defense equipment and technology cooperation," Kishida said.

Japan will provide the Philippines with a coastal radar surveillance system as part of a 600 million yen ($4 million) security assistance package, the leaders said.

Kishida is the first Japanese prime minister to visit the Philippines since 2017. 

He is scheduled to address a special joint session of Congress on Saturday -- the first Japanese leader to do so -- and visit the Philippine Coast Guard headquarters.  

Japan invaded and occupied the Philippines during World War II, but the two countries have since grown closer due to trade and investment, and more recently, to counter China's assertiveness in the region.

'Clear signal to China'

Tokyo has signed similar reciprocal access agreements with Britain and Australia in the past two years.

The Philippines has equivalent pacts with the United States and Australia.

The start of negotiations follows an escalation in regional tensions this year as China increasingly deploys ships to patrol disputed waters also claimed by the Philippines or Japan.

In response, the United States has sought to strengthen its alliances in the region, and sees Japan and the Philippines as key partners in deterring China.

Filipino political analyst Richard Heydarian said the deeper cooperation between Japan and the Philippines could lead to a "trilateral security alliance" with the United States, which would be "central to holding the line over Taiwan and the South China Sea".

That would "send a clear signal to China that it will face determined resistance from multiple allies in the region should it press ahead with more aggressive and coercive action especially vis a vis Taiwan," Heydarian said.

China claims self-ruled Taiwan as its own territory to be seized one day, and has in recent years stepped up military and political pressure on the democratic island.

But Japan also wants to boost its own regional ties.

Japanese media have reported that the Philippines was the first of four countries to receive defense equipment under Tokyo's new Official Security Assistance programme. 

The others will be Malaysia, Bangladesh and Fiji, reports said.

After the Philippines, Kishida will travel to Malaysia for talks with Prime Minister Anwar Ibrahim on Sunday. 

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