The flashpoint highlights the urgent need for toughened-up terms in a Code of Conduct for clashes between fishermen at sea, said Manila-based security analyst Richard Heydarian.
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Asean may tackle sea disputes; garbage dumping not on agenda
(Agence France-Presse) - June 21, 2019 - 12:00am

BANGKOK – Bitter disputes over competing claims in the South China Sea are likely to surface at the two-day Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN) meeting starting Saturday in this Thai capital after the sinking of a Filipino fishing boat in the resource-rich waterway.

Some officials in Manila initially blamed Chinese sailors for deliberately ramming the boat and leaving Filipino fishermen stranded at sea. But President Duterte this week downplayed the incident, saying it was “just a collision.”

The flashpoint highlights the urgent need for toughened-up terms in a Code of Conduct for clashes between fishermen at sea, said Manila-based security analyst Richard Heydarian.

“If the Chinese don’t rein in these fishermen... this is just going to get worse,” he said.

Dumpsite of the world

Campaigners are also urging ASEAN leaders to tackle the mounting problem of plastic and electronic waste – much of it imported from Western nations and accumulating in Southeast Asia.

Greenpeace this week said the region has become “the world’s new dumpsite.”

Protesters in Bangkok yesterday dumped plastic waste in front of a government building and called on Southeast Asian leaders to ban imports of trash from developed countries.

A group of about 50 Thai activists, some holding placards reading “No Space for Waste,” joined Greenpeace campaigners to call for an end to all trash imports to Southeast Asia.

“The communities are here today to reclaim... the right to live in a sustainable environment in Thailand,” said Tara Buakamsri of Greenpeace Thailand.

They called for ASEAN countries to ban the export of waste “from anywhere in the world into the region,” Tara said.

The trash pile-up in Southeast Asia accelerated after China stopped accepting waste in 2018, and Greenpeace says plastic refuse imports have increased by a staggering 171 percent since 2016.

The imported waste is supposed to be recycled, but sometimes arrives mixed with unrecyclable items or is improperly handled and ends up being burnt or leaking into waterways and the sea.

The issue has been in the headlines recently after the Philippines sent a huge shipment of garbage back to Canada, sparking a diplomatic row.

And last week, Indonesia returned five containers of rubbish to the US, saying it refused to be a “dumping ground.”

Thailand currently imports waste from scores of countries, much of it ending up in landfills and waste disposal facilities that have prompted pollution complaints from residents.

“There is air, dust and water pollution... it burdens the Thai people,” said Jorn Naowaopas, an activist from Chachoengsao province where several dumpsites are located.

The contaminated groundwater run-off and toxic fumes caused by disposing of plastic and electronic waste can cause serious environmental and health problems if not properly treated.

The ASEAN summit, which kicks off Saturday with a foreign ministers meeting, has not put the waste issue on its agenda.

But discussions will have as a “priority” the issue of marine waste because it affects “the food chain of people worldwide,” Thai government spokesman Werachon Sukondhapatipak said Wednesday.

In March, ASEAN environment ministers drafted the “Bangkok Declaration on Combating Marine Debris,” the first-ever region-wide attempt to tackle plastic waste clogging its waters.           

ASSOCIATION OF SOUTHEAST ASIAN NATIONS SOUTH CHINA SEA
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