Timeline: GRP-MILF peace negotiations
Rosalinda L. Orosa (The Philippine Star) - January 26, 2014 - 12:00am

MANILA, Philippines - March 18, 1968 – Jabidah massacre kills more than 60 Filipino Muslim military trainees in Corregidor, believed to be part of a plan to reclaim Sabah. The incident pushes some Moros to take up arms and lead insurgencies in Mindanao.

1970 – Moro National Liberation Front (MNLF) is established by Nur Misuari to condemn the Jabidah massacre.

1975 – The Marcos administration begins peace talks with the MNLF, mediated by the Organization of Islamic Conference (OIC).

Dec. 23, 1976 – The Tripoli Agreement is signed.

1981 – The Moro Islamic Liberation Front (MILF) is formed following a split with the MNLF over the role of Islam in Bangsamoro and the establishment of an Islamic state.

Sept. 5, 1986 – President Cory Aquino visits Misuari in his home province Sulu to formally resume peace negotiations with MNLF.

Aug. 1, 1989 – RA 6734 or the Organic Act for the Autonomous Region in Muslim Mindanao (ARMM) is passed.

Oct. 2-4, 1992 – The first round of exploratory talks with MNLF is held in Tripoli, Libya.

April 14-16, 1993 – The second round of talks with MNLF is held in Jakarta, Indonesia.

Sept. 2, 1996 – President Fidel Ramos and MNLF chair Misuari sign the Final Peace Agreement.

July 18, 1997 – The Agreement for General Cessation of Hostilities with MILF is signed.

Sept. 12, 1997 – The implementing Administrative Guidelines of the General Cessation of Hostilities is signed and the joint Coordinating Committee on the Cessation of Hostilities (CCCH) is created.

Aug. 27, 1998 – The General Framework Agreement of Intent with MILF is signed.

April 6, 1999 – President Joseph Estrada establishes the Cabinet Supervisory Committee to implement the 1996 final peace agreement with the MNLF.

Oct. 25, 1999 – Peace talks between the government and MILF open in Sultan Kudarat, Maguindanao, with Estrada setting a deadline of June 2000.

March 21, 2000 – Estrada declares “all-out-war” against the MILF, causing the withdrawal of the MILF from the negotiating table.

2001 – The government and MILF conduct exploratory talks.

March 31, 2001 – RA 9054 seeks to expand ARMM to include areas initially rejected in 1989. In a plebiscite, Marawi City in Lanao del Sur and the province of Basilan (excluding Isabela City) are integrated into the ARMM.

June 22, 2001 – Signing of the peace agreement between the government and MILF (Tripoli Agreement of Peace 2001).

Feb. 11, 2003 – A military campaign is launched in the area of MILF central command headquarters at Buliok complex, Maguindanao.

July 13, 2003 – MILF chairman and founder Hashim Salamat dies. Al Haj Murad Ebrahim takes his place and Mohagfer Iqbal becomes the MILF panel chair.

May 18-20, 2006 – An OIC fact-finding mission is formed to review the implementation and status of the 1996 Peace Agreement.

July 27, 2008 – The memorandum of agreement on ancestral domain (MOA-AD) is initiated.

Aug. 4, 2008 – The Supreme Court issues a temporary restraining order blocking the signing of the MOA-AD between the government and MILF scheduled on Aug. 5.

Oct. 14, 2008 – The SC declares the MOA-AD unconstitutional.

Sept. 15, 2009 – The framework agreement on the formation of the International Contact Group for the Peace Process with MILF is signed.

January 2011 – First informal meeting between the government and MILF.

Feb. 9, 2011 – Second exploratory talks and resumption of peace negotiations between the government and MILF. The MILF panel submits a draft of the Comprehensive Compact.

Aug. 4, 2011 – President Aquino meets with MILF chairman Ebrahim in Japan to show sincerity of the government and fast-track peace negotiations.

Aug. 22, 2011 – The government panel submits its three-for-one proposal to the MILF.

Nov. 3, 2011 – The government and MILF meet for an informal executive session in Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia to address pressing issues regarding the fighting that erupted in Basilan and Zamboanga.

January, February & March 2012 – The 24th to 26th exploratory talks between the government and MILF are held.

April 24, 2012 – The decision points on principles as of April 2012 is signed, to lay out the common standpoints between the government and MILF.

May 28-30, 2012 – The government and MILF agree to refine their respective positions on the substantive agenda, including wealth-sharing, power-sharing, governance, transition roadmap and normalization for the new autonomous political entity that will replace the ARMM.

Aug. 8-11, 2012 – Issues on power and wealth-sharing are resolved.

Sept. 5-8, 2012 – 31st round of exploratory talks between the government and MILF.

Oct. 2-7, 2012 – 32nd round of exploratory talks between the government and MILF forge the Framework Agreement on the Bangsamoro.

Oct. 15, 2012 – The government and MILF sign the Framework Agreement on the Bangsamoro in Malacañang.

Nov. 12-17, 2012 – The government and MILF convene the Technical Working Group on Normalization.

Nov. 15-17, 2012 – The 39th Conference of Foreign Ministers is held in Djibouti. The government, MILF and the Malaysian government are invited to improve on the Framework Agreement by linking it to the Peace Agreements of 1976 and 1996.

Dec. 17, 2012 – Aquino issues EO 120 on the creation of the Transition Commission that will draft the Bangsamoro Basic Law.

January 2013 – A zero skirmish record between government and MILF forces, for the whole year of 2012 is reported.

Jan. 21-25, 2013 – The terms of reference for the Third Party Monitoring Team is signed to review, assess, evaluate and monitor the implementation of the Framework Agreement on the Bangsamoro and its annexes.

Feb. 11, 2013 – Aquino and MILF’s Ebrahim jointly launch the Sajahatra Bangsamoro program at the Bangsamoro Leadership and Management Institute in Sultan Kudarat, Maguindanao.

Feb. 27, 2013 – The Annex on Transitional Arrangements and Modalities is signed, detailing the road map toward the creation of Bangsamoro.

July 12, 2013 – The Annex on Revenue Generation and Wealth-Sharing is signed.

Dec. 8, 2013 – The Annex on Power-Sharing is signed.

Jan. 25, 2014 – The Annex on Normalization and the Addendum on Bangsamoro Waters, the final annexes of the Framework Agreement on the Bangsamoro, are signed.

AGREEMENT BANGSAMORO FEB FRAMEWORK AGREEMENT GOVERNMENT MAGUINDANAO MILF PEACE SIGNED TALKS
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