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History of hazing deaths in the Philippines

Horacio Castillo III’s parents Horacio Jr. and Carmina, grandmother Teresita, sister Nicole and dog Lega bid farewell to the slain UST law student at the Manila Memorial Park in Parañaque City. STAR/Miguel De Guzman

MANILA, Philippines — (UPDATED) Horacio Tomas “Atio” Castillo III could have been a senator. He could have even the nation’s president. But on the morning of Sept.17, a Sunday, his life was cut short.

He was only 22. Castillo was promised brotherhood but it was death that he got instead.

Castillo’s death has sparked public outrage, condemning the tradition of hazing and the culture of impunity.

Talks of amending the anti-hazing policy have also snowballed after his death.

The enactment of Republic Act 8049 or Anti-Hazing Law in 1995 under President Fidel Ramos did not stop the brutal and unregulated initiations rites.

Over two decades since its passage, there has only been one conviction for hazing—the case of Marlon Villanueva.

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26. Horacio Tomas Castillo III — A 22-year-old Civil Law freshman in the University of Santo Tomas believed to have been killed in the initiation rites of Aegis Juris Fraternity. His body sustained contusions in the upper arms and candle burn marks.

Atio was rushed by at least three fraternity members to the Chinese General Hospital last Sept. 17, where he was declared dead at 9:21 a.m. Probe into his apparent fatal hazing is still ongoing. At least 19 members of Aegis Juris are facing charges of murder, anti-hazing violation, robbery and obstruction of justice.


25. Anthony Javier — A student at the Western Mindanao State University in Zamboanga City died after undergoing hazing by the Tau Gamma Phi WMSU-Chapter.

24. Christian dela Cruz — A 14-year-old student of Fortunato Halili National Agricultural School whose death was mainly caused by extreme swelling of the right abdomen and liver damage. The slay of the Grade 8 student was linked to the notorious street gang called True Brown Style.


23. Ariel Inofre — A former Information Technology student of the Southern Luzon State University in Tagkawayan, Quezon Province. He died of kidney failure from serious physical injuries after undergoing the initiation rites of Tau Gamma Fraternity-Tagkawayan Chapter.

22. Guillo Servando — An 18-year-old Benilde sophomore believed to have suffered severe beating and died following initiation rites under the Tau Gamma fraternity.


21. John Mark Dugan — A 19-year-old sophomore marine cadet in the Maritime Academy of Asia and the Pacific whose death was linked to hazing.


20. Marc Andre Marcos — A 20-year-old San Beda University law student who was allegedly beaten to death by members of Lex Leonum fraternity. The accused were cleared from charges in 2013.

19. Marvin Reglos — A 25-year-old San Beda law student was reportedly killed during hazing rites held by the Lambda Rho Beta fraternity in Antipolo City.


18. E.J. Karl Intia — A University of Makati student believed to have aspired to join the Alpha Phi Omega fraternity but ended being killed in initiation rites. His body was recovered near a 30-foot cliff in Laguna.

An Aug. 1, 2012 video grab from GMA-7 shows medical workers examining the body of Marc Andrei Marcos (inset).


17. Noel Borja Jr. — A 15-year-old elementary student and neophyte who reportedly was assaulted to death by members of Tau Gamma Phi fraternity. The brotherhood learned that Borja's parents belong to rival Alpha Kappa Rho fraternity.


16. Glacy Monique Dimaranan — A 15-year-old girl who died of a single gunshot wound in the head during initiation rites. A member of Scout Royal Brotherhood in Laguna accidentally pulled the trigger of the gun he was pointing at the victim.

15. John Daniel Samparanda — An 18-year-old  Lyceum of the Philippines student in General Trias, Cavite believed to have died in Tau Gamma Phi fraternity rites.

14. Elvin Sinaluan — A 21-year-old Scout Royal Brotherhood entrant whose life was reportedly ended in brutal admission rites. Sinaluan and fellow victims "were hit by paddle every 30 seconds for two hours," authorities said.

13. Karl Anthony Gaudicos — A 18-year-old engineering student of the Holy Cross of Davao College who died in hazing activities under the Tau Gamma Phi and Tau Gamma Sigma.


12. Cris Anthony Mendez — A 20-year-old University of the Philippines student and allegedly a Sigma Rho fraternity neophyte died of mauling during initiation rites.

11. Jan Angelo Dollete — A 21-year-old engineering student suspected to be killed in Sapian, Capiz by members of the Alpha Phi Omega.


10. Clark Anson Silverio — A Technological University of the Philippines mechanical engineering student was dead upon arrival at the Manila Sanitarium Hospital in Pasay City after cruel initiation rites believed to be by Tau Gamma Phi fraternity.

9. Marlon Villanueva — A 21-year-old agriculture economics from the University of the Philippines Los Baños died in fraternity rites held in a resort in Calamba, Laguna.

8. Dan Robert Talibutab — A criminology student from St. Therese College in Iloilo was believed to be a victim of hazing by members of the non-accredited school organization Kapatiran ng Kabataan sa Kriminolohiya.


7. Mark Welson Chua — The University of Santo Tomas student exposed corruption among Reserve Officers' Training Corps officials was killed by fellow student. Defendants during trial claimed that Chua died in fraternity hazing rites.

The remains of DLSU-CSB student Guillo Cesar Cervando. STAR/Edd Gumban


6. Emerson Berry Jr. — A 16-year-old fourth year student from the Casanayan National High School was beaten up and died in initiation rites by members of the Beta Sigma Rho brotherhood in Pilar, Capiz.


5. Rafael Root Albano III — The aspiring doctor was believed to be killed by members of the Sigma Mu fraternity of medicine students based in the Far Eastern University Laguna campus.

4. Fernando Balidoy — An 18-year-old probationary midshipman died as he was undergoing initiation conducted by upperclassmen of the Philippine Merchant Marine Academy.

3. Monico de Guzman — A Philippine Military Academy plebe whose death was attributed to illness by academy officials. His father, however, believes Monico Jr died of the notorious "beat attack" against entrants in boot camp.

2. Edward Domingo — The 23-year-old Camiling, Tarlac native and Philippine Military cadet reportedly died of cardio-respiratory attack due to injuries he suffered from hard blows to the lower part of the rib cage. Two cadets were convicted for homicide.


1. Ace Bernabe Ekid — The 21-year-old was said to have died from stroke due to rigorous training exercises at the Philippine Military Academy. His family and friends, however, insisted Ace was a victim of hazing and foul play.

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