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AUTHORS
Renato Cruz De Castro
Renato Cruz De Castro
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China's gray zone operation in the making?: A commentary on Julian Felipe Reef crisis
by Renato Cruz De Castro - April 10, 2021 - 10:46am
Since the end of the Cold War in the early 1990s, China has pressed its aggressive intrusions into the South China Sea where it has various territorial sovereignty disputes over maritime resources, and other issues...
Running in circles?: A commentary on Duterte's stance on VFA
by Renato Cruz De Castro - March 20, 2021 - 12:58pm
Duterte’s demand for compensation from the US in exchange for VFA attracted the attention of the opposition who accused him of mendicancy and commercializing the Philippine-US alliance.
Commentary: Appeasing the 'dragon' is a folly
by Renato Cruz De Castro - February 13, 2021 - 12:29pm
Exactly one year ago, President Rodrigo Duterte ordered Locsin to deliver a diplomatic note informing the US that he is unilaterally terminating the VFA.
Commentary: Facing 21st century security challenges in Philippines
by Renato Cruz De Castro - December 26, 2020 - 2:07pm
An important task for every state in the 21st century global society is to formulate, publish and release two public documents—the National Security Policy and the National Security Strategy.
Commentary: Trump admin’s management of troubled Philippine-US alliance
by Renato Cruz De Castro - November 7, 2020 - 12:13pm
There remained the issue of US security guarantee to the Philippines in the face of Chinese maritime expansion in the South China Sea. 
Commentary: Duterte admin (finally) acknowledges value of Philippine-US alliance
by Renato Cruz De Castro - September 19, 2020 - 1:33pm
In late 2016, President Rodrigo Duterte declared his goal to chart an independent foreign policy for the Philippines.
How other countries adopted the 'orphaned' July 12 ruling on South China Sea
by Renato Cruz De Castro - July 11, 2020 - 4:44pm
The July 12, 2016 Arbitral Tribunal Awards to the Philippines on the South China Sea dispute became an orphan immediately upon its announcement in the first month of the Duterte administration. 
Commentary: Backing off threat to end Philippines-US military pact
by Renato Cruz De Castro - June 13, 2020 - 5:56pm
On June 2, 2020, Philippine television channels aired the breaking news Foreign Secretary Teodoro “Teddy Boy” Locsin Jr. announcing that the government has suspended the Philippine-U.S. Visiting Force...
Commentary: Vietnam asserts claims in South China Sea amid pandemic, China's maritime expansion
by Renato Cruz De Castro - May 23, 2020 - 12:24pm
The raging COVID-19 pandemic provides China with the golden opportunity to flex its diplomatic and military muscle against other claimant states in the South China Sea. 
Commentary: China’s two-pronged games against Philippines
by Renato Cruz De Castro - May 16, 2020 - 2:43pm
The COVID-19 pandemic is causing deaths in more than 180 countries around the world. 
Commentary: Fighting COVID-19 pandemic as non-traditional security challenge
by Renato Cruz De Castro - April 4, 2020 - 3:38pm
The world now knows that Disease X is COVID-19 or coronavirus disease.
Duterte’s decision to scrap the VFA: Whimsical or insidious?
by Renato Cruz De Castro - February 13, 2020 - 4:17pm
Despite the senior senators’ pleas to reconsider his plan of abrogating the 1999 Philippine-US Visiting Forces Agreement, President Rodrigo Duterte decided to scrap the 20-year-old treaty.
Commentary: Is an appeasement policy vis-a-vis expansionist China worth pursuing?
by Renato Cruz De Castro - January 4, 2020 - 4:10pm
This clash within the government incrementally pushed the Duterte administration to adopt a policy of soft balancing on China. 
Commentary: The Philippines’ complicity in creating China’s vision of regional order
by Renato Cruz De Castro - November 9, 2019 - 2:46pm
Prior to his fifth working visit to Beijing, President Rodrigo Duterte announced that he would push for the immediate adoption of the Code of Conduct for the parties in the South China Sea dispute.
Commentary: Duterte’s twin approaches to South China dispute
by Renato Cruz De Castro - September 21, 2019 - 2:10pm
A few days before his fifth official visit to Beijing, President Rodrigo Duterte announced that he would raise the 12 July 2016 United Nations Conference Law of the Sea awards to President Xi Jinping.
Commentary: The Reed Bank incident and the crisis in Philippines' China policy
by Renato Cruz De Castro - July 6, 2019 - 1:38pm
Just before midnight on June 9, a Chinese fishing vessel rammed and partially sank a wooden Filipino fishing boat, the F/B Gem-Vir 1, then anchored at Reed Bank in the South China Sea.
Commentary: The power of fear in Philippine foreign policy
by Renato Cruz De Castro - June 1, 2019 - 3:13pm
Fear is one of the most intense and pervasive human emotions.
Commentary: Highlighting Australia’s significance as Indo-Pacific middle power
by Renato Cruz De Castro - March 22, 2019 - 1:48pm
Middle powers have an interest in preserving the international order.
Commentary: The geo-political fault line in Philippine society
by Renato Cruz De Castro - January 4, 2019 - 11:14am
During his six-year term, Philippine President Benigno Aquino III pursued a balancing or a challenging policy on China's expansive maritime claim in the South China Sea.
Commentary: Managing 21st century game in the Indo-Pacific region
by Renato Cruz De Castro - December 27, 2018 - 5:52pm
On May 16, 2018, President Rodrigo Duterte signed the Philippines’ first National Security Strategy since the country became an independent republic in 1946.
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