Renato Cruz De Castro
Renato Cruz De Castro
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Addressing China’s gray zone operations in WPS: Role of Civil Maritime Security Agency
by Renato Cruz De Castro - March 25, 2023 - 2:12pm
In early 2021, while the Duterte administration was focused on managing the raging COVID-19 pandemic, a Chinese gray zone operation forced its focus away from its pandemic response and toward China’s undeniable...
Should the 1950 Mutual Defense Treaty be reworded or modified?
by Renato Cruz De Castro - December 31, 2022 - 1:07pm
This is not the first time a review of the 1951 Mutual Defense Treaty was raised.
Post-Duterte admin revitalized Philippine-US alliance: Implication on ongoing Taiwan crisis
by Renato Cruz De Castro - October 8, 2022 - 3:27pm
China used Speaker Pelosi’s trip not only to show its displeasure over her decision to visit Taiwan, but to display to the world that it could form six concentric naval and air zones encircling Taiwan as a...
Strengthening Philippines’ trilateral security relations with US, Australia
by Renato Cruz De Castro - September 3, 2022 - 1:53pm
Two dangerous flashpoints currently surround the Philippines.
Abe: The patron of Philippine-Japan security partnership
by Renato Cruz De Castro - July 16, 2022 - 11:09am
On March 20, 2021, former Department of National Défense Secretary Lorenzana warned the Filipino nation about the presence of around 220-blue hulled Chinese fishing vessels moored in line formation at Julian...
Europe confronts China on the Indo-Pacific Region
by Renato Cruz De Castro - June 25, 2022 - 3:42pm
On June 11, I made my first overseas trip in two and a half years.
Will Marcos modernize the Armed Forces of the Philippines?
by Renato Cruz De Castro - May 28, 2022 - 10:27am
During the 2022 election period, the South China Sea dispute became an issue in the face of China’s continuous militarization of the land features controlled in the disputed waters.
Addressing China’s gray zone operations through Philippines' civil-maritime agencies
by Renato Cruz De Castro - April 25, 2022 - 12:16pm
The Philippine Coast Guard was created on the basis of Republic Act 9993, or otherwise known as “The Philippine Coast Guard Law of 2010.”
Ukraine is at crossroads – and so are we
by Renato Cruz De Castro - March 5, 2022 - 2:05pm
Russia has invested huge amounts of money to rebuild its conventional military capabilities in the last few years.
The Philippines and the Summit for Democracy: How Duterte became the prodigal son
by Renato Cruz De Castro - December 18, 2021 - 11:12am
President Rodrigo Duterte admitted that he was proud to be invited in this historic event to tell the world about the Philippines’ experience in democracy.
Commentary: 2014 EDCA enables 1951 MDT commitments
by Renato Cruz De Castro - September 25, 2021 - 11:35am
In December 2018, Philippine Defense Secretary Delfin Lorenzana revealed that the Department of National Defense was reviewing the 1951 Philippine-US Mutual Defense Treaty as he questioned its relevance in the...
Commentary: How did President Aquino stand up against China?
by Renato Cruz De Castro - July 10, 2021 - 11:52am
Internationally, the Philippines, under the administration of President Aquino, was seen as the Asia-Pacific David standing up to the Chinese Goliath in the West Philippine Sea.
Commentary: China’s grand Belt and Road Initiative and the Duterte admin
by Renato Cruz De Castro - May 15, 2021 - 12:40pm
Maritime Southeast Asia is located in an important crossroads between the Indian and Pacific Oceans near the center of a newly configured region called the Indo-Pacific. 
China's gray zone operation in the making?: A commentary on Julian Felipe Reef crisis
by Renato Cruz De Castro - April 10, 2021 - 10:46am
Since the end of the Cold War in the early 1990s, China has pressed its aggressive intrusions into the South China Sea where it has various territorial sovereignty disputes over maritime resources, and other issues...
Running in circles?: A commentary on Duterte's stance on VFA
by Renato Cruz De Castro - March 20, 2021 - 12:58pm
Duterte’s demand for compensation from the US in exchange for VFA attracted the attention of the opposition who accused him of mendicancy and commercializing the Philippine-US alliance.
Commentary: Appeasing the 'dragon' is a folly
by Renato Cruz De Castro - February 13, 2021 - 12:29pm
Exactly one year ago, President Rodrigo Duterte ordered Locsin to deliver a diplomatic note informing the US that he is unilaterally terminating the VFA.
Commentary: Facing 21st century security challenges in Philippines
by Renato Cruz De Castro - December 26, 2020 - 2:07pm
An important task for every state in the 21st century global society is to formulate, publish and release two public documents—the National Security Policy and the National Security Strategy.
Commentary: Trump admin’s management of troubled Philippine-US alliance
by Renato Cruz De Castro - November 7, 2020 - 12:13pm
There remained the issue of US security guarantee to the Philippines in the face of Chinese maritime expansion in the South China Sea. 
Commentary: Duterte admin (finally) acknowledges value of Philippine-US alliance
by Renato Cruz De Castro - September 19, 2020 - 1:33pm
In late 2016, President Rodrigo Duterte declared his goal to chart an independent foreign policy for the Philippines.
How other countries adopted the 'orphaned' July 12 ruling on South China Sea
by Renato Cruz De Castro - July 11, 2020 - 4:44pm
The July 12, 2016 Arbitral Tribunal Awards to the Philippines on the South China Sea dispute became an orphan immediately upon its announcement in the first month of the Duterte administration. 
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