Renato Cruz De Castro
Renato Cruz De Castro
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Commentary: Highlighting Australia’s significance as Indo-Pacific middle power
by Renato Cruz De Castro - March 22, 2019 - 1:48pm
Middle powers have an interest in preserving the international order.
Commentary: The geo-political fault line in Philippine society
by Renato Cruz De Castro - January 4, 2019 - 11:14am
During his six-year term, Philippine President Benigno Aquino III pursued a balancing or a challenging policy on China's expansive maritime claim in the South China Sea.
Commentary: Managing 21st century game in the Indo-Pacific region
by Renato Cruz De Castro - December 27, 2018 - 5:52pm
On May 16, 2018, President Rodrigo Duterte signed the Philippines’ first National Security Strategy since the country became an independent republic in 1946.
Commentary: With Xi Jinping’s visit, will Duterte reap the fruit of appeasing China?
by Renato Cruz De Castro - November 14, 2018 - 2:38pm
After more than two years of waiting, Chinese President Xi Jinping will be visiting the Philippines in November.
Commentary: Is there crisis in Duterte admin’s appeasement policy on China?
by Renato Cruz De Castro - September 22, 2018 - 12:29pm
Last month, President Rodrigo Duterte conveyed to his countrymen that he expected China to be fair on the South China Sea dispute and that they should accept Beijing as a good neighbor. 
Commentary: Falling for China's trick in the COC framework negotiations
by Renato Cruz De Castro - August 17, 2018 - 11:17am
China uses both direct and the indirect approaches in pursuing its strategic goal of maritime expansion in the South China Sea.
What now for the Philippines after July 12 ruling, ‘Quad’ revival?
by Renato Cruz De Castro - July 12, 2018 - 11:21am
On July 12, 2016, the Permanent Court of Arbitration finally came out with its ruling on the case between the Philippines and China over the South China Sea dispute.
Commentary: The folly of appeasing China’s expansion into the South China Sea
by Renato Cruz De Castro - May 31, 2018 - 3:18pm
On May 18, 2018, the People’s Liberation Army’s Air Force announced that it had landed an H-6K bomber on one of its outposts in the South China Sea. 
Implications of the revival of the 'Quad' on Philippine foreign policy
by Renato Cruz De Castro - May 10, 2018 - 3:00pm
Last week, the United States and Australia warned China against militarizing the South China Sea following reports that Beijing has installed missile systems in the Spratly Islands. 
Commentary: ASEAN chair Singapore faces challenges as US-China tensions continue to rise
by Renato Cruz De Castro - May 2, 2018 - 3:40pm
The ten member states of the Association of Southeast Asian Nations are now in the center of a potentially dangerous 21st century great powers’ stand-off.
The Quad: A force to contain China?
by Renato Cruz De Castro - March 28, 2018 - 10:45am
Prior to the Association of Southeast Asian Nations summit in Manila last year, Australia, Japan, India and the United States resurrected a loose security association called “Quadrilateral Security Dialogue”...
Great powers’ game: Implications for Duterte’s independent foreign policy
by Renato Cruz De Castro - March 10, 2018 - 9:26am
President Duterte’s efforts to pursue an “independent foreign policy” happened at a time that China and the US were engaged in their normal great power competition. For Southeast Asia, the respective...
Commentary: Understanding Duterte administration’s appeasement policy on China
by Renato Cruz De Castro - February 8, 2018 - 12:44pm
When confronted by a major external security challenge, a state may align itself with other states against the potential threat or join the bandwagon of the emergent power to secure economic gains or expand their...
AFP after Marawi battle: On the slow boat to territorial defense or back to internal security?
by Renato Cruz De Castro - December 28, 2017 - 12:49am
The Philippine government realized the need to develop its naval capability to protect its vast maritime borders and its territorial claim over some land features in the South China Sea. 
Commentary: Australia is Philippines’ other security partner
by Renato Cruz De Castro - December 1, 2017 - 2:36am
Urban fighting in Marawi City exposed the AFP’s limitations.
Analysis: The July 12 ruling exposed China’s strategy
by Renato Cruz De Castro - July 12, 2017 - 12:06am
July 12, 2016 is the date which will live in the annals of history as the triumph of international law over gunboat diplomacy.
Commentary: Japan’s contributions to Philippine maritime security
by Renato Cruz De Castro - July 8, 2017 - 2:33am
The depth and breadth of Japanese support to the Philippines cannot be overstated.
Enter the Trump administration: A new American foreign policy for Asia?
by Renato Cruz De Castro - January 31, 2017 - 9:47am
Many have concluded that with the election of Donald Trump as the 45th president of the United States, the Obama administration’s strategic rebalancing to East Asia is headed for a dead end.
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