In this Thursday, April 19, 2018, photo, Royal Australian Navy frigate HMAS Toowoomba is docked at Saigon port in Ho Chi Minh City, Vietnam. It was one of the three Australian Navy ships to make four-day port call in Vietnam. Australia's Prime Minister Malcolm Turnbull said the Australian navy has a "perfect right" to traverse the South China Sea after a media report Friday that the Chinese navy had challenged three Australian warships in the hotly contested waterway.
The Anh/Vietnam News Agency via AP
Prime minister says Australia will sail in South China Sea
Rod McGuirk (Associated Press) - April 20, 2018 - 3:19pm

CANBERRA, Australia — Australia's prime minister said the Australian navy has a "perfect right" to traverse the South China Sea after a media report Friday that the Chinese navy had challenged three Australian warships in the hotly contested waterway.

The Chinese "challenged" two Australian frigates and an oil replenishment ship this month as the Australian ships were sailing to Vietnam, Australian Broadcasting Corp. reported, citing anonymous defense officials.

It is not clear what took place during the encounter while China was conducting its largest ever naval exercises in the region.

Prime Minister Malcolm Turnbull did not comment on the specific incident when questioned by reporters in London.

"We maintain and practice the right of freedom of navigation and overflight throughout the world and, in this context, we're talking about naval vessels on the world's oceans, including the South China Sea, as is our perfect right in accordance with international law," Turnbull said.

The Defense Department said it did not provide operational details related to ships transiting the South China Sea.

But the department confirmed the three warships had arrived in Ho Chi Minh City on Thursday. They are making a three-day goodwill visit to Vietnam.

Neil James, executive director of the Australian Defense Association, a security policy think-tank, said the first aspect of such a challenge was usually a radio warning that the Australians were in Chinese territorial waters and a demand for identification. The Australians would have replied that they were in international waters.

The next levels of challenge involve sending an aircraft and ship to investigate.

"It just escalates. Eventually if they're in your territorial waters and they're not meant to be there, you might fire a shot across their bows — but no one has done that for years, apart from the North Koreans," James said.

China claims virtually the entire South China Sea and has built several islands to bolster its position in the waterway where other governments have competing claims and which is one of the world's busiest sea lanes.

Australia has resisted pressure from the United States, its most important defense ally, in challenging the Chinese territorial zones, which are not recognized by international law.

Adm. Harry Harris, the commander of U.S. forces in the Pacific, has invited Australia to mount joint naval patrols in the South China Sea and has described China as "a disruptive transnational force."

President Donald Trump has nominated the outspoken critic of China as the next U.S. ambassador to Australia.

MALCOLM TURNBULL SOUTH CHINA SEA
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