The Cebu City price tag ordinance in 1945
CEBUPEDIA - Clarence Paul Oaminal (The Freeman) - November 10, 2015 - 9:00am

The Municipal Board of Cebu City on September 10, 1945 enacted Ordinance No. 3 which required owners or keepers of retail or sari-sari stores, carenderias to put prices on the articles, goods or commodities for sale by means of labels and tags.

The ordinance of the Municipal Board of Cebu City since it was under the jurisdiction of the Province of Cebu was submitted for its approval.

Upon review of the Provincial Board of Cebu it approved on December 7, 1945 the price tag ordinance. It was made under Resolution No. 693 a favorable opinion rendered by the Provincial Fiscal on December 3, 1945 endorsed its approval.

Notably, the Provincial Board was presided by the Governor and with only two Board Members as compared to the present that the Provincial Board is presided by a Vice Governor with Board Members, electing two for every district.

Cebu in 1945, after the restoration of democracy was administered by Governor Fructuoso B. Cabahug. During World War II when Cebu was occupied by the Japanese Imperial Army, two Governors of Cebu were arrested and believed to have been executed.

Governors Hilario Abellana and Jose V. Leyson were summarily executed by the Japanese and their cadavers never found. Don Sergio Suico Osmeña Sr. the elected Vice President in 1935 and 1941 succeeded his President, Don Manuel Luis Quezon when the latter died while in exile in Australia appointed Cabahug as Governor of Cebu.

Governor Fructuoso fondly called as "Tosong" was the son of Narciso Cabahug and Cirila Barte, the couple was from Mandaue, Cebu.

The brother of Fructuoso named Sotero also served the Cebuanos as Governor of Cebu from 1934 to 1937. Sotero or Terong also became a Member of the Provincial Board of Cebu.

The Cabahug brothers were lawyers, Sotero became a lawyer on November 3, 1916, rose to become Provincial Fiscal, Judge of the Court of First Instance, Governor of Cebu and Secretary of the Department of National Defense. Fructuoso, was admitted to the Bar on January 24, 1925.

Members of the Cabahug Clan in Cebu who became legal luminaries: Godofredo M. Cabahug of Borbon, Cebu was admitted to the Bar on January 25, 1952, Maximo B. Cabahug of Liloan, Cebu was admitted to the Bar on January 21, 1955, Vicente A. Cabahug of Mandaue, became a lawyer on January 26, 1961 and Cesar M. Cabahug became a lawyer on May 16, 1950.

The Members of the Provincial Board at that time were Nicolas G. Escario and Pedro B. Uy Calderon. Board Member Escario who was born on December 6, 1898 was a Doctor of Medicine, a native of Bantayan, Cebu. Dr. Nicolas Gandionco Escario Sr. is the Founder and 1st President of the Cebu Institute of Technology (now Cebu Institute of Technology University).  Dr. Escario is the son of Gregorio Escario and Victoria Gandionco.

Dr. Escario after his appointment as Member of the Provincial Board of Cebu was also appointed as Cebu City Mayor (appointed on January 29, 1946), succeeding Doctor Leandro Tojong. Dr. Escario was elected Congressman of the old 7th Congressional District of Cebu, serving from 1949 to 1957. Dr. Escario, the Mayor, Board Member, Doctor, Educator and Congressman died on November 1, 1958.

Pedro B. Uy Calderon was a lawyer (admitted to the Bar on December 3, 1928) and one of the famous sons of Samboan, Cebu. It was Atty. Calderon who built and spent for its construction the Monument in honor of the Volunteer Guards of Cebu who helped the Cebu Guerillas as carries, food and supply donors. A school in Samboan is named after the late Board Member, the Pedro B. Uy Calderon Memorial National High School.

A descendant, Emerito S. Calderon became a lawyer on March 2, 1956 and was elected Congressman of the old 5th District of Cebu. A son of Emerito, Peter John Durano Calderon became a lawyer on April 28, 1989, the latter placed 11th in the bar examinations, elected in 2001 as Mayor of Samboan, Cebu, then in 2007 as Provincial Board Member of the 2nd District of Cebu. Other Calderon's who became member of the Philippine Bar: Palmacio L. Calderon (March 6, 1964) and Emmeline D. Calderon (May 8, 1997).

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