This developed as the Bureau of Customs-Region 10 issued an alert order for nine 40-foot shipping containers from Australia loaded with 211.14 tons of waste materials declared as municipal waste or processed engineered fuel (PEF).
facebook/Ecowaste Coalition
Environmental groups hit global waste trade
Rhodina Villanueva (The Philippine Star) - May 28, 2019 - 12:00am

MANILA, Philippines — Environmental groups in the Philippines and Australia have questioned the global waste trade that is using developing nations as convenient disposal sites for rich countries’ garbage.

This developed as the Bureau of Customs-Region 10 issued an alert order for nine 40-foot shipping containers from Australia loaded with 211.14 tons of waste materials declared as municipal waste or processed engineered fuel (PEF).

The shipments arrived last May 7 at the Mindanao Container Terminal in Tagoloan, Misamis Oriental.

Subsequent waste assessment conducted by the Environmental Management Bureau-Region 10 found “pieces of assorted scrap plastic, cellophane, wrappers, chunks of hard plastic, textile, fibers, wood chips, glass cullet, stones, soil, paper and other shredded materials,” noting that “the contents of the plastic-wrapped bales can be generally described as shredded municipal waste.”             

“The export to our country of residual wastes generated by Australia’s commercial, industrial and construction sectors as fuel for cement kiln looks like a clever disposal scheme. Described as ‘municipal waste’ in the shipment declaration, Australia is able to dispose of its unwanted residuals and even profit from their sale by turning and relabeling these wastes as so-called PEF for export to developing countries like ours,” Aileen Lucero, EcoWaste Coalition national coordinator, said.

Beau Baconguis, regional plastics campaigner of the Global Alliance for Incinerator Alternatives-Asia Pacific and Asia Pacific coordinator of Break Free From Plastic, said this is a highly deceptive way of sidestepping the provisions of the Basel Convention to which the Philippines is party by declaring the shredded mixed waste as PEF.

“In the recent Conference of the Parties, the Philippines was a firm supporter of the Norwegian Amendment which essentially would put a stop to plastic waste dumping,” Baconguis said.

The Conference of Parties, known as COP, is the decision-making body responsible for monitoring and reviewing the implementation of the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change.

Meanwhile, Jane Bremmer, zero waste coordinator for Australia of the National Toxics Network, decried Australia’s “colonialist and deceitful approach to waste management by a country that should, and can, manage its own waste.”            

“It is unethical for Australia to send its non-recyclable, residual municipal waste, rebadged as ‘PEF,’ to be burnt in cement kilns in other countries, effectively escaping Australian regulatory responsibility for its impacts, including the adverse human health and environmental impacts associated with burning municipal waste in cement kilns,” Bremmer said.         

“Further, the global waste flow restructuring triggered by China’s rejection of imported waste from wealthy western countries is a wake-up call for Australia to finally act on the decades of deliberate neglect and mismanagement of waste in Australia,” she said.

Bremmer added Australia can no longer ignore the “dinosaur in the room.”

“Waste stockpiles are growing and our environment, our atmosphere and oceans are full of waste residues that cause irreversible and catastrophic hazardous and toxic impacts,” Bremmer said.

The groups noted that countries in Southeast Asia are pushing back as they urge the Philippines to show its strong resolve by immediately issuing a comprehensive ban on the importation of municipal, plastic, toxic and hazardous wastes.

BUREAU OF CUSTOMS GLOBAL WASTE TRADE
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